Planning & protection
Have you recently evaluated your personal tax situation? Is your tax structure optimised for efficiency?
As we approach the end of the tax year on 5 April 2024, it presents an ideal opportunity to assess and leverage the various allowances and reliefs available to enhance your tax profile. Allocating time for this review can provide valuable insight into potential opportunities for you and your family.
The vast scope and complexity of the UK tax system may seem daunting. However, navigating it with careful planning can lead to significant financial benefits. Understanding your tax affairs is key to maximising your wealth and ensuring your financial future.
However, the tax landscape has witnessed considerable changes, making the situation more challenging for taxpayers and investors alike. As we near the end of the 2023/24 tax year, every taxpayer should understand the importance of this date and consider their tax position.
Furthermore, 5 April 2024 marks the end of your personal earnings year. Knowing your yearly income will help you understand your tax band and ensure you take advantage of potential reliefs or allowances. The current tax year officially ends on 5 April 2024. The following day, 6 April 2024, ushers in the 2024/25 tax year.
This allowance provides a unique opportunity for couples where one partner is a basic rate taxpayer and the other partner’s income falls below the personal allowance threshold. With the Marriage Allowance, you can transfer up to £1,260, which equates to 10% of the personal allowance, from the lower-income partner to the higher-income partner.
This transfer can significantly reduce the tax liability for the basic rate taxpayer, potentially saving up to £252 in the current year. It’s important to note that this allowance is specifically designed for married couples or registered civil partners. By efficiently utilising this allowance, couples can optimise their combined tax liabilities and make the most of their financial situation.
In the course of your employment, there are several tax reliefs you may be eligible to claim. These provisions are designed to offer financial respite for certain expenses related to your job. One such relief is for professional subscriptions. If you must maintain membership in a professional body as part of your job, you can claim tax relief on these fees.
Another provision is the working from home allowance. This relief is aimed at employees who incur additional costs due to working from home. It’s designed to alleviate some financial pressure from maintaining a home office. You may also be entitled to claim relief for business miles travelled in your personal vehicle. If you use your own car for work-related travel, this relief can offer significant savings.
These allowances are aimed at individuals who earn small amounts of income from activities like selling items on eBay or Amazon or renting out spaces on Airbnb. Each of these allowances offers up to £1,000 of tax-free income.
Furthermore, if you rent out a portion of your home, you may be eligible for the Rent-a-Room relief. This relief allows you to receive up to £7,500 tax-free from letting out a room in your home.
You receive an ISA allowance of £20,000 in the current tax year. Contributions can be allocated to a Cash ISA, Stocks & Shares ISA, Lifetime ISA, or Innovative Finance ISA. ISAs are a ‘tax efficient wrapper’ which can make a big difference to your money over time. As a couple, it’s important to think about making the most of each of your individual allowances so that each of you has access to tax-efficient savings for the future. At death, a surviving spouse or civil partner is entitled to an extra ISA allowance equivalent to the value of their spouse’s ISA, allowing these savings to pass tax-efficiently to the surviving partner.
Investors who have yet to use up their full ISA allowance should discuss with us the potential to sell shares yielding dividends outside their ISA and buying them back within this tax-exempt wrapper. However, care should be taken as this could trigger a Capital Gains Tax charge.
Children are entitled to a Junior ISA (JISA) allowance of £9,000 per annum. Consider funding a JISA to give your children a tax-efficient nest egg which they can access at 18 or convert to an ISA, allowing them to continue the saving habit you have instilled in them.
A Lifetime ISA (LISA) applies to individuals aged 18 to 40 who are either planning to purchase their first home or preparing for retirement. With the ability to invest up to £4,000 annually, the government bolsters your efforts with a 25% bonus, up to a maximum of £1,000 per year. This money can be used to buy a new property (subject to certain restrictions) or accessed when you turn 60 to supplement your retirement income.
Pension contributions should be a key consideration at the end of each tax year. There are several advantages to doing so. For example, the pension scheme can reclaim basic rate tax from HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC). You’ll receive additional tax relief if you’re subject to a higher tax rate exceeding 20%. You’re establishing a pension fund for your retirement or to pass on to future generations. Contributions to pension schemes can also be made on behalf of your minor or adult children and your grandchildren, helping them to boost their retirement savings and potentially improving their current tax position too.
In the current tax year of 2023/24, contribution limits have increased.
All UK residents under the age of 75 can contribute up to £3,600 gross (£2,880 net) per year, irrespective of income level. For those with income, the annual pension contribution limit has increased and is now the lesser of your relevant earnings or an annual allowance of £60,000 gross, corresponding to a net payment of £48,000. If your income exceeds £260,000, then these allowances are tapered, and if income exceeds £360,000 then the annual allowance is £10,000.
For individuals aged over 75, no tax relief is provided on contributions made. If you can make additional contributions, you can use any unused allowances carried forward from the previous three years. Reviewing your pension status and that of your family members is crucial for effective financial planning.
The ‘Carry Forward’ rules allow you to carry forward unused allowances from the previous three tax years if eligible. As we reach this tax year end, you’ll lose any unused allowance for the 2020/21 tax year if it remains untapped. Considering these rules when planning your pension contributions would be best.
In light of the changing landscape for Capital Gains Tax (CGT), it’s essential to understand how you can optimise your financial strategy. Before 6 April 2024, you have an opportunity to solidify your capital gains and make the most of the annual CGT exemption, which is capped at £6,000. However, please note that this benefit is not extended to individuals who are taxed on a remittance basis with income and capital gains exceeding £2,000.
One effective method to crystallise capital gains involves strategically selling and repurchasing stocks and shares. This approach enables you to maximise the annual CGT exemption. It offers an opportunity to elevate the base cost for future sales, potentially reducing your tax liability in the long run.
However, knowing the timing and the party involved in the repurchase is crucial. To derive the maximum benefit from this strategy, the repurchase should ideally occur after a gap of more than 30 days. Alternatively, the buyback can be executed by your spouse, registered civil partner or through an Individual Savings Account (ISA).
For those with invested assets, the dividend allowance can offer substantial benefits. You can receive up to £1,000 per year tax-free, with dividend tax rates applied to amounts over £1,000. The dividend allowance will be reduced to £500 per annum in the 2024/25 tax year.
Certain gifts can be exempt from Inheritance Tax, immediately leaving your estate upon gifting. These are commonly referred to as exempt gifts and include gifts presented to your spouse or registered civil partner. In addition, contributions to charities or political parties are exempt as well as gifts valued up to £250, provided each gift is given to a different recipient and is the only tax-exempt gift they’ve received from you within that tax year. This often encompasses birthday and Christmas gifts derived from your regular income.
Also exempt are wedding gifts from a parent to their child up to £5,000, from grandparent to grandchild up to £2,500, or up to £1,000 to anyone else. Additionally, you’re allocated an annual exemption each tax year, allowing you to give cash or property up to the value of £3,000. This can be given to a single individual or divided among several recipients. If the previous year’s exemption wasn’t utilised, it can be carried forward to the current tax year, effectively doubling the exemption to £6,000.
Most importantly, if you make regular gifts that are affordable from your income to loved ones, then these are not considered when calculating inheritance tax. For example, beginning a regular pattern of making pension contributions for grandchildren out of your annual income could allow you to pass on wealth in a tax-efficient way. Whatever you decide to do, good record keeping is essential and understanding these exemptions will help in efficient tax planning and potentially reduce your Inheritance Tax liability.
Your Personal Savings Allowance (PSA) refers to the amount of savings interest income/growth you can earn tax-free. Current levels are set at £1,000 for basic rate taxpayers and £500 for higher rate taxpayers. Additional rate taxpayers, however, are not entitled to this allowance.
Time is running out if you want to ensure your personal affairs, family and business affairs and plans for the long term are arranged tax-efficiently. For further information on tax year-end planning opportunities get in touch today.
|Match me to an adviser
|Subscribe to receive updates
THIS ARTICLE DOES NOT CONSTITUTE TAX OR LEGAL ADVICE AND SHOULD NOT BE RELIED UPON AS SUCH. TAX TREATMENT DEPENDS ON THE INDIVIDUAL CIRCUMSTANCES OF EACH CLIENT AND MAY BE SUBJECT TO CHANGE IN THE FUTURE. FOR GUIDANCE, SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE.
A PENSION IS A LONG-TERM INVESTMENT NOT NORMALLY ACCESSIBLE UNTIL AGE 55 (57 FROM APRIL 2028 UNLESS THE PLAN HAS A PROTECTED PENSION AGE).
THE VALUE OF YOUR INVESTMENTS (AND ANY INCOME FROM THEM) CAN GO DOWN AS WELL AS UP, WHICH WOULD HAVE AN IMPACT ON THE LEVEL OF PENSION BENEFITS AVAILABLE.
YOUR PENSION INCOME COULD ALSO BE AFFECTED BY THE INTEREST RATES AT THE TIME YOU TAKE YOUR BENEFITS.